Training & Skill Development for existing workforce

Author: Chandra Wadhwa,
(Mentor, Management of Public Finance)

In order to develop the skill of existing workers & supervisory staff in Manufacturing sector, it is proposed that training programmes to be conducted on regular basis. To begin with, the focus will be on Electronic, Automobile, Textile and Food processing industries. In addition, the efforts will be made to develop simultaneously the skill of people working in Service sector like Teachers, Nurses, Security Guards, Child-care and related household services, Tourist Guides and Drivers.

Presently, the Government has been providing the training and skill development through National Skill Development Corporation. However, for achieving the above objective, an alternative mode is suggested in which Training & Skill Development Council should be formed. In this Council, the members from Industry, Educational / Engineering Institutes, State and Central Government should participate. The objective of the Council should be to formulate the structure for imparting training to 10 Million existing workforce on yearly regular basis in these sectors from the very first year. To begin with, the Council may focus on the above mentioned sectors of the manufacturing and services from the very first year.The Council will frame the policy for the training programmes which will cover the following:

  1. To identify the training needs of the workforce in different sectors
  2. To prepare curriculum for trainees
  3. To provide Online and Offline training
  4. To evaluate the effectiveness of the training programmes.
  5. To link the increments & promotions with the performance of trainees
  6. To link accreditation of Institute with the performance in rendering training
  7. To guidelines of accreditation of Institute capable of rendering training
  8. To provide the continuous monitoring of the accredited institutes.
  9. To provide some programs for the trainers

Some initial seed money may be provided by the Central and State Governments but to have sustainable a model, the Industry, Educational / Engineering Institutes, States and Centre should bear the cost of running such training programmes. Depending upon the success of this training programmes in the industries and service sectors mentioned above, it will be implemented in other industries also.


Ministry of Sill and Development should be nodal agency to start this activity. The following structure will be created for Council to manage their activities:

Central Council 20 Members

  1. Industry (8)
        a. Electronic
        d.Food Processing
        e.Service Sector
  2. Educational / Engineering Institutes (4)
  3. State Government* (4)
        a.Ministry of Labour/Industry/Education/Transportation/Tourism/Health, etc
        b.Employees Union
  4. Centre Government (4)
        a.Ministry of Labour
        b.Productivity Council
        c.Quality Council
        d.Ministry of SME

Regional Council: Central Council will constitute 4 or 5 Regional Councils at North, East, Central, West and South. Each council will have 10 Members

  1. Industry (4)
        d.Food Processing
        e.Service Sector
  2. Educational / Engineering Institutes (2)
  3. State Government* (2)
  4. Centre Government (2)

Chapters: Minimum 100 Chapters are to be opened throughout country. Each Chapter will be aligned with Industrial cluster. At each Chapter, there will be 10 members, representatives from:

    1. Industry (5)



d.Food Processing

e.Service Sector

  • Educational / Engineering Institutes (3)
  • State Government* (1)
  • Centre Government (1)


A Chapter of Training & Skill Development Council (TSDC) should supervise 8 training centres i.e. Educational / Engineering Institute, for providing training to industrial workers and other staff members of various services as mentioned above. Each day 250 workers/staff members of respective industry /service will participate. Each trainee will get training for 6 days (4 days On the Job and 2 days Off the Job) in a year. Off the Job training (Class room training) will be given by the faculty of Educational / Engineering Institute at Institute in five class rooms of 50 each and On the Job training will be given within the factory premises of enterprise by the approved trainers of TSDC. In case any organisation is having less than 50 numbers of workers, then, they will be trained at the facility of other bigger units within same vicinity or 2/3 trainers will visit to different units in order to train 35-40 workers. A pool of approved trainers of TSDC and trainees will be prepared at each Chapter for their cluster of various industries/services. Each Chapter will run these programmes for 300 days and will have to cover 1 lakh trainees in a year. Each trainee will be awarded a Certificate by the Chapter of TSDC. Along with job related training computer literacy should also be provided


Centre will contribute Rs 100 Lakh and State will contribute Rs 50 Lakh to a Chapter falling in their State as seed capital. For recurring expenses, the training fee of Rs 1000 per employee can be charged from Industry for meeting the faculty and other administrative expenses. The office space for running the Chapter will be provided by a State.

Chandra Wadhwa,
Global Village Foundation

* Representative from different states on alternative year basis

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